New York is often cited as one of the most exciting and dynamic markets for wines with producers the world over hoping to get their wines noticed by the city’s legion of hip sommeliers. But it is a lot less known for the wines made in New York State and it has only been recently that New York’s top restaurants have woken up to what they have on their door step and started listing them. Which makes them potentially very interesting to sommeliers and buyers in the UK looking to catch the next wave of interesting wines from the US, some of whom were able to find out for themselves in The Buyer’s latest trade debate.
If it’s true that wine trends criss cross their way between New York and London then we can expect to see a lot more New York State wines on top restaurant and bar wine lists in the near future.
The wines of New York State have recently started to make a real splash on the New York City hospitality scene, with wine lists identifying several examples of both vinifera and hybrids. The area’s unique viticulture is so appealing that it has tempted some key US sommeliers to make their own wine; indeed Pascaline Lepeltier MS, Christopher Bates MS and Thomas Pastuszak have their own winemaking projects in the Finger Lakes.
Although lesser known in the UK, the wines of New York State have started making recent waves with more importers taking notice of their potential.
To help boost awareness of its wines this side of the pond, New York Wines recently teamed up with The Buyer to host a tasting, discussion and lunch with leading on-trade buyers and sommeliers at London’s Kerridge’s Bar and Grill in the Corinthia hotel, one of 2018’s most acclaimed new openings. Wine critic and commentator, Dr Jamie Goode, was also on hand to give his personal take on the wines and the region after a recent in-depth tour of the state.
The panel included:
- Honey Spencer, sommelier of Lyles and founder of Bastarda
- Ed Thaw, co-owner of Leroy
- Mattia Scarpazza, head sommelier of Petersham Nurseries
- Thor Gudmundsson, co-owner of Wine Rooms
- Sylwester Piasecki, assistant head sommelier, Zuma
- Nacho Campo, wine manager and sommelier at Hawksmoor
- Agustin Trapero, head sommelier at Avenue (part of the D&D Group)
- Noemie Favrat, sommelier at the Dorchester
- Jonathan Kleeman, wine manager, Twisted Cellar
- Richard Davis, wine manager, 10 Cases
- Charlie Mellor, owner, The Laughing Heart
New York State is known for its natural beauty, with glacially cut lakes, state parks and gorges and is home to an increasing number of high-quality wineries.
It might be a relatively new wine region to UK wine buyers, but there have been vineyards planted in the area for hundreds of years. There is evidence these plantings were first established by Dutch settlers in the tail end of the 17th Century.
The region now has six key wine growing areas, the largest and most well established being the Finger Lakes, followed by Long Island, Lake Erie, Niagra Escarpment, Hudson Valley, and Champlain Valley.
The Finger Lakes is home to three distinct American Viticultural Areas – Finger Lakes, Seneca Lake and Cayuga Lake AVAS – and the lakes are key to the identity of the region. These vast watery expanses help to moderate the extremes of temperature experienced in the region, protecting the vineyards from bitter frost during the winter, when temperatures can plummet to minus 18 degrees celsius, and keep them cool during the hot and humid summer months, resulting in a long, temperate growing season.
Pre-prohibition, Finger Lakes was the biggest wine producing region in the US, with the first commercial vineyard established back in 1839. It was, however, to lose its prominence once post-prohibition US states were able to draw up their own regulations regarding alcohol. While California went for the most liberal legislation, New York State chose far more Draconian laws, and it quickly lost its position of power within the US and overseas.
However, 1976 marked a turning point for the region’s wine fortunes, when it became much cheaper to buy and build a winery in the region, and it soon attracted a large number or producers looking to make their name there. From around only a dozen in the 1970s, there are now around 420 wineries across the state of New York, with many focussed on Riesling, Cabernet Franc and Lemberger/Blaufränkisch.
Key grape varieties
Many people still associate the area with wines from the Vitis Labrusca species, like Catawba, Niagara and Concord, often made in a sweeter style. While Labrusca does account for about 60% of Finger Lakes grapes, 25% are hybrids (like Baco Noir and Frontenac), and 15% are vitis vinifera. Riesling is also widely produced in the region.
Dr Konstantin Frank, who came to the US from Ukraine in 1951, is credited with sparking the vinifera revolution in New York State. Although the region had produced wine since the 1860s, it was Frank who believed that vinifera could be grown in the region with the correct rootstocks, despite the cold.
“Riesling is the big story and the major focus of the region and the variety that seems to do really well,” confirmed Goode. “Cabernet Franc is leading the reds in the state, while an honourable mention must go to Lemberger. There is also the potential for some high-quality sparkling wines. There are also some really interesting hybrid wines, particularly those being made naturally in pet nat formats or with skin contact. We have a mindset that all quality wines come from vitis vinifera, and hybrids are rubbish, but actually – some of the newer breed of hybrids being produced in New York State are interesting. The good thing about hybrids is that they can be grown in regions where you can’t grow vitis vinifera, and they are much more disease resistant and require less spraying.”
The region does also have its fair share of commercially focused sweeter wines that do very well in the US.
“There is a local demand for the cheaper, really sweet hybrids, but this is the way a lot of wineries make their money by selling those wines via direct sales to tourists. No one got broke underestimating the taste of the American public,” explained Goode.
More and more producers, particularly in the Finger Lakes, are also looking to focus their efforts on producing high quality wines, which, in turn, has opened the doors to more export opportunities. “Wineries are starting to realise that they are not going to get very far by selling cheap wine to tourists, so there is an increased emphasis on both quality and on exports now,” stressed Goode.
There is a small but growing interest internationally for the wines of New York State. “Previously those quality wines were almost invisible globally. I had only tasted two Finger Lakes wines in my life before visiting the region,” said Goode. “The prevalence of cheap sweet wines has dragged down the image of the region, and while they are very commercially successful, they won’t be taken seriously on the international stage. But that is slowly changing. In any region you need enough producers to make really interesting wines for the region to have visibility. It’s all about reaching a critical mass and now, quality winemakers are keen to get the word out.”
This lack of awareness of wines from New York State was not helped by the fact that until relatively recently, few New York sommeliers and restaurateurs took their own domestically produced wines seriously.
This has changed over the past five years drastically, due to the leap in quality, the migration of young winemakers to the region, the minimal intervention winemaking scene and the demand for local produce. Agern, in Grand Central Station, is an example of this with a domestic-only wine list featuring dozens of New York State growers. As a result, many of New York’s fine dining establishments now have several examples gracing their lists.
Jonathan Kleeman of Bishop-Stortford-based Twisted Cellar said there was often a kind of “weird self-pessimism” at work, when people from a country or region don’t take their own wines seriously, as was the situation until recently with English wine. “Beyond a certain price point people won’t spend money on their own wines, they don’t believe it is worth it,” he said.
The panelists in The Buyer debate were all impressed by the quality and diversity of the wines they tasted, but noted that it would be more difficult to initially sell those with higher price points.
“They are not an easy sell, as they are quite pricey and most of our customers aren’t aware of wines from the US East Coast,” said Nacho Campos, wine manager and sommelier at Hawksmoor who currently lists the 2013 Red Hook Seneca Lake Cabernet Franc. “I love how the wines show their cool climate characteristics, and think there will be a place in the market for these wines, but I would like to see more of the hybrids. Not many of our suppliers work with producers from the East Coast yet. I’d imagine it’s only people who work in the wine business who will be aware of wines from this region.”
Thor Gudmundsson of the Wine Rooms agreed: “New York State has little imprint in the UK as a wine region yet, but we would consider listing them given the right price point and ease of communication.”
He said that prior to the tasting he was familiar with New York State and Finger Lakes as a region, but had never come across Long Island wines before. “I think awareness amongst UK consumers is very limited, even amongst the geeks,” adding that “price will always be a factor with US wines that are understandably expensive.”
He described the £10 to £12 wholesale price point as the “sweet” spot, but much more than that then the results there is “significantly reduced demand.”
Ultimately, stressed Leroy’s co-owner, Ed Thaw, “it does come down to price and trying to find value throughout the list,” he said. “So a wine from this region is available for £12 to £13, hell yes, let’s do it, but as soon as you get to £20 it’s quite hard because at that price point you are getting serious wines from France and Germany.” For this reason, Thaw expressed particular interest in the wines from Channing Daughters and wishes to list them.
Richard Davis, wine manager at 10 Cases, agreed: “The quality is generally good, but price is a sticking point. As long as that is kept under control the wines should do well. Anything much over £13 wholesale can be a struggle.”
Right place, right time
Kleeman believed New York State wines could have a rosy future in the UK if they got the right distribution, and the trade threw their collective weight behind them, thanks to sommeliers, restaurants and wine bars championing them to their customers. “Focusing on a couple of grapes would be a good idea,” he said. “Such a diverse offering is actually not always helpful for such a niche region.”
Kleeman said he was keen to focus on less well-known wine regions in the coming year, and despite the fact the wines are lesser-known in the UK, he would consider listing some of them.
“We are a new business and I am still expanding the portfolio, but I have had the wines from Red Hook on lists at my last two places,” he said. Kleeman added that while he already held a positive view of the wine before the tasting, it served to confirm his opinion that this is a region with a lot of existing producers who are experimenting with different styles.
“There is a big market now for new and exciting wines,” he said. “UK consumers are getting better at trying new things and there is a bigger and bigger group of young wine drinkers who are discovering fine wine.”
Several of the buyers felt it would be a good idea for the region to focus on a few standout varieties to showcase to the world; these are wines that could become the ambassadors for the region.
“I think that the wines could enter the UK market if they manage to find a grape to champion the region and create a benchmark style, so that consumers know what to expect,” said Mattia Scarpazza, head sommelier at Richmond-based Petersham Nurseries.
Kleeman said that having a star variety representing a region or country is really helpful for consumers. “For example, Vouvray offers many different styles, and I don’t think consumers know what they are buying. It can say Vouvray on the bottle, but that doesn’t mean much to the average consumer, it doesn’t make any sense. The New York region needs a couple of wines to champion – when you look at the world’s most successful wine regions that is what they have done. From a sommelier and wine geek’s point of view the diversity of styles and quality is fantastic, but from a selling point of view and marketing a brand it’s a different matter.” The region needs to decide which grape or grapes to champion and focus on those, he said.
Hawksmoor’s Nacho Campo thought Riesling and Cabernet Franc would be the best entry points for New York wines. Focusing on those two varietals would really help region gain some traction in the UK, he added.
Sylwester Piawecki, assistant head sommelier at Zuma, partly agreed and instead suggested Riesling and Pinot Noir were the best placed to spearhead New York’s overall push into the UK and showcase the region to the world. He also really enjoyed the wines of Red Hook and is thinking of introducing them to the list.
Charlie Mellor of The Laughing Heart particularly liked the wines of Bloomer Creek and Nathan Kendall, as he found the quality exceptional and is a supporter of minimal intervention winemaking.
Davis at 10 Cases was also in favour of Riesling being adopted as the region’s flagship variety. “I think New York State should follow the Riesling selling route and then look at some of their hybrids as slightly more quirky selling points.”
Noemie Favrat agreed and found the Red Newt “Tango Oaks” cuvée to be outstanding.
Thaw at Leroy thought that the interest lies in quirkier varieties and blends such as those produced by Channing Daughters, as this provides a point of difference. The clones cuvée, for example, is composed of 70% Chardonnay, 13% Tocai Friulano, 8% Sauvignon Blanc, 5% Pinot Grigio, 2% Muscat Ottonel and 2% Gewurztraminer. Not many regions grow all of these grapes in one place, let alone in the same region. He also expressed serious interest in rosé as a category.
Honey Spencer, of Bastarda, believes lesser-known regions, varieties and styles can really shine, and it is what she hopes to bring to her own wine lists. It is then a case of how you go and communicate those wines to your guests, she adds.
- If you would like to know more about New York State wines then contact its UK PR team at Westbury Communications and email Christina Rasmussen on firstname.lastname@example.org.